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Advantages & Disadvantages of Stepper motors & DC servo motors

Top Ten Stepper motor Advantages:

  1. Stable. Can drive a wide range of frictional and inertial loads.
  2. Needs no feedback. The motor is also the position transducer.
  3. Inexpensive relative to other motion control systems.
  4. Standardized frame size and performance.
  5. Plug and play. Easy to setup and use.
  6. Safe. If anything breaks, the motor stops.
  7. Long life. Bearings are the only wear-out mechanism.
  8. Excellent low speed torque. Can drive many loads without gearing.
  9. Excellent repeatability. Returns to the same location accurately.
  10. Overload safe. Motor cannot be damaged by mechanical overload.

Top Ten DC Servo motor Advantages:

  1. High output power relative to motor size and weight.
  2. Encoder determines accuracy and resolution.
  3. High efficiency. It can approach 90% at light loads.
  4. High torque to inertia ratio. It can rapidly accelerate loads.
  5. Has "reserve" power. 2-3 times continuous power for short periods.
  6. Has "reserve" torque. 5-10 times rated torque for short periods.
  7. Motor stays cool. Current draw proportional to load.
  8. Usable high speed torque. Maintains rated torque to 90% of NL RPM
  9. Audibly quiet at high speeds.
  10. Resonance and vibration free operation.

Top Ten Stepper Disadvantages:

  1. Low efficiency. Motor draws substantial power regardless of load.
  2. Torque drops rapidly with speed (torque is the inverse of speed).
  3. Low accuracy. 1:200 at full load, 1:2000 at light loads.
  4. Prone to resonances. Requires microstepping to move smoothly.
  5. No feedback to indicate missed steps.
  6. Low torque to inertia ratio. Cannot accelerate loads very rapidly.
  7. Motor gets very hot in high performance configurations.
  8. Motor will not "pick up" after momentary overload.
  9. Motor is audibly very noisy at moderate to high speeds.
  10. Low output power for size and weight.

Top Ten DC Servo Disadvantages:

  1. Requires "tuning" to stabilize feedback loop.
  2. Motor "runs away" when something breaks. Safety circuits are required.
  3. Complex. Requires encoder.
  4. Brush wear out limits life to 2,000 hrs. Service is then required.
  5. Peak torque is limited to a 1% duty cycle.
  6. Motor can be damaged by sustained overload.
  7. Bewildering choice of motors, encoders, and servodrives.
  8. Power supply current 10 times average to use peak torque. See (5).
  9. Motor develops peak power at higher speeds. Gearing often required.
  10. Poor motor cooling. Ventilated motors are easily contaminated.

Author: Mariss from Gecko Drive-
Thanks for the article